Julia Alvarez: A Biography
Julia Alvarez was born in New York City on
March 17, 1950, the second of four daughters. Three months later, her parents returned to their native Dominican
Republic after a self-imposed exile from General Rafael Trujillo’s dictatorship. When her parents became involved in an underground movement to overthrow
Trujillo, the Alvarez family was forced to flee the Dominican Republic in order to escape imprisonment. They returned to the United States in August of 1960,
four months before the founders of the underground, the Mirabal sisters, were brutally murdered by the government. The Alvarez family settled in Queens, New
When asked why she wrote In the Time of the Butterflies, Alvarez said that "being a survivor placed a responsibility on me to tell the story of these brave young women who did not survive the dictatorship." In the Time of the Butterflies is a fictional account of the murders of the revolutionary Mirabal sisters. The book has alternating first-person narratives from the three martyred sisters and the fourth surviving sister, Dede. Alvarez says she wrote the book as a testament to these remarkable women who "have served as models for women fighting against injustices of all kinds."
In the Time of the Butterflies was a finalist in 1995 for the National Book Critics Circle Award in fiction, selected a Notable Book by the American Library Association in 1994 and chosen as one of the Best Books for Young Adults by the Young Adult Library Services Association and the American Library Association in 1995.
The immigrant experience and bicultural identity is the subject of much of Alvarez’s fiction and poetry. Her popular first novel, How the García Girls Lost Their Accents, was published in 1991. Interrelated stories narrated by the four Garcia sisters describe their difficulties adjusting to New York City after leaving the Dominican Republic. Published in 1997, ¡Yo! focuses on Yolanda Garcia. In the Name of Salomé, published in 2000, is based on the life of Dominican political poet Salome Urena and her daughter, Camila.
In 1984, Alvarez published Homecomings, a poetry collection about facing her thirty-third birthday without a secure job or a family of her own. Her other poetry collections include The Other Side: El Otro Lado (1995) and The Woman I Kept to Myself (2004). A collection of autobiographical essays, Something to Declare, was published in 1998.
She has also written young adult books including The Secret Footprints (2000), How Tia Lola Came to Visit Stay (2001), Before We Were Free (2002), and Finding Miracles (2004).
Alvarez earned her undergraduate degree from Middlebury College in 1971 and a Masters in Creative Writing from Syracuse University in 1975. She taught at various schools including Phillips Andover, the University of Vermont and the University of Illinois. She became a professor of English at Middlebury College in 1988 and its writer-in-residence since 1998.
In 1989, Alvarez married Bill Eichner, an eye surgeon whose humanitarian medical missions have taken him to many Third World nations. Alvarez and Eichner
started an organic coffee farm modeling sustainable methods in the Dominican highlands. Profits from the sixty-acre farm go to the Alta Gracia Foundation,
which promotes literacy programs for the local population.